SpringBoot进阶教程(七十)SkyWalking

流行的APM(Application Performance Management工具有很多,比如Cat、Zipkin、Pinpoint、SkyWalking。优秀的监控工具还有很多,其它比如还有zabbix、prometheus、Arthas、Grafana之类的。这里主要介绍SkyWalking,它是一款优秀的国产APM工具,包括了分布式追踪、性能指标分析、应用和服务依赖分析等。

Skywalking是一个分布式系统的应用程序性能监视工具,专为微服务、云原生架构和基于容器(Docker、K8s、Mesos)架构而设计。SkyWalking 是观察性分析平台和应用性能管理系统。提供分布式追踪、服务网格遥测分析、度量聚合和可视化一体化解决方案。支持Java, .Net Core, PHP, NodeJS, Golang, LUA语言探针,支持Envoy + Istio构建的Service Mesh。

v介绍

1.1 SkyWalking 在逻辑上分为四部分:探针、平台后端、存储和用户界面。其架构图如下:

SpringBoot进阶教程(七十)SkyWalking

图片来源于网络,侵删。

探针:基于不同的来源探针可能是不一样的,但作用都是收集数据,将数据格式化为SkyWalking适用的格式。例如在Java中则是做字节码植入,无侵入式的收集,并通过HTTP或者GRPC方式发送数据到平台后端.

平台后端:是一个支持集群模式运行的后台,用于数据聚合、数据分析以及驱动数据流从探针到用户界面的流程。平台后端还提供了各种可插拔的能力,如不同来源数据(如来自 Zipkin)格式化,不同存储系统以及集群管理。你甚至还可以使用观测分析语言来进行自定义聚合分析。

存储:是开放式的,可以选择一个既有的存储系统,如ElasticSearch、H2 或 MySQL 集群(Sharding-Sphere 管理),也可以选择自己实现一个存储系统。

用户界面:SkyWalking的可视化界面,UI非常炫酷且强大,同样它也是可定制以匹配你已存在的后端的。

1.2 在SkyWalking中也存在服务、服务实例及端点概念,因为SkyWalking就是提供了这些概念的观测能力:

服务(Service):表示对请求提供相同行为的一系列或一组工作负载。在使用打点代理或 SDK 的时候,你可以定义服务的名字。如果不定义的话,SkyWalking 将会使用你在平台上定义的名字,如 Istio。

服务实例(Service Instance):上述的一组工作负载中的每一个工作负载称为一个实例。就像 Kubernetes 中的 pods 一样,服务实例未必就是操作系统上的一个进程。但当你在使用打点代理的时候, 一个服务实例实际就是操作系统上的一个真实进程。

端点(Endpoint):对于特定服务所接收的请求路径,如 HTTP 的 URI 路径和 gRPC 服务的类名 + 方法签名

1.3 SkyWalking的优势如下:

1.多种监控手段,语言探针和服务网格(Service Mesh)

2.模块化,UI、存储、集群管理多种机制可选

3.支持告警(告警可以推送到钉钉)

4.优秀的可视化方案

v环境准备

2.1 拉取镜像

docker pull elasticsearch:7.5.1
docker pull apache/skywalking-oap-server:8.3.0-es7
docker pull apache/skywalking-ui:8.3.0

2.2 创建&启动elasticsearch

docker run -d --name=es7 \
-p 9200:9200 -p 9300:9300 \
-e "discovery.type=single-node" elasticsearch:7.5.1

注意:若创建es持久化目录,则按下面的命令执行。

mkdir -p /data/elasticsearch
docker cp es7:/usr/share/elasticsearch/data /data/elasticsearch/
docker cp es7:/usr/share/elasticsearch/logs /data/elasticsearch/
docker rm -f es7
docker run -d --name=es7 \
  --restart=always \
  -p 9200:9200 -p 9300:9300 \
  -e "discovery.type=single-node" \
  -v /data/elasticsearch/data:/usr/share/elasticsearch/data \
  -v /data/elasticsearch/logs:/usr/share/elasticsearch/logs \
elasticsearch:7.5.1

2.3 创建&启动OAP

docker run --name oap --restart always -d \
--restart=always \
-e TZ=Asia/Shanghai \
-p 12800:12800 \
-p 11800:11800 \
--link es7:es7 \
-e SW_STORAGE=elasticsearch7 \
-e SW_STORAGE_ES_CLUSTER_NODES=es7:9200 \
apache/skywalking-oap-server:8.3.0-es7

SW_STORAGE:表示选择elasticsearch7作为存储组件

SW_STORAGE_ES_CLUSTER_NODES:elasticsearch的节点,多个用逗号隔开

以上参数均为application.yml文件中的参数。

application.yml详细信息如下:

# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
# contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
# this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
# The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
# (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
# the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     //www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

cluster:
  selector: ${SW_CLUSTER:standalone}
  standalone:
  # Please check your ZooKeeper is 3.5+, However, it is also compatible with ZooKeeper 3.4.x. Replace the ZooKeeper 3.5+
  # library the oap-libs folder with your ZooKeeper 3.4.x library.
  zookeeper:
    nameSpace: ${SW_NAMESPACE:""}
    hostPort: ${SW_CLUSTER_ZK_HOST_PORT:localhost:2181}
    # Retry Policy
    baseSleepTimeMs: ${SW_CLUSTER_ZK_SLEEP_TIME:1000} # initial amount of time to wait between retries
    maxRetries: ${SW_CLUSTER_ZK_MAX_RETRIES:3} # max number of times to retry
    # Enable ACL
    enableACL: ${SW_ZK_ENABLE_ACL:false} # disable ACL in default
    schema: ${SW_ZK_SCHEMA:digest} # only support digest schema
    expression: ${SW_ZK_EXPRESSION:skywalking:skywalking}
  kubernetes:
    namespace: ${SW_CLUSTER_K8S_NAMESPACE:default}
    labelSelector: ${SW_CLUSTER_K8S_LABEL:app=collector,release=skywalking}
    uidEnvName: ${SW_CLUSTER_K8S_UID:SKYWALKING_COLLECTOR_UID}
  consul:
    serviceName: ${SW_SERVICE_NAME:"SkyWalking_OAP_Cluster"}
    # Consul cluster nodes, example: 10.0.0.1:8500,10.0.0.2:8500,10.0.0.3:8500
    hostPort: ${SW_CLUSTER_CONSUL_HOST_PORT:localhost:8500}
    aclToken: ${SW_CLUSTER_CONSUL_ACLTOKEN:""}
  etcd:
    serviceName: ${SW_SERVICE_NAME:"SkyWalking_OAP_Cluster"}
    # etcd cluster nodes, example: 10.0.0.1:2379,10.0.0.2:2379,10.0.0.3:2379
    hostPort: ${SW_CLUSTER_ETCD_HOST_PORT:localhost:2379}
  nacos:
    serviceName: ${SW_SERVICE_NAME:"SkyWalking_OAP_Cluster"}
    hostPort: ${SW_CLUSTER_NACOS_HOST_PORT:localhost:8848}
    # Nacos Configuration namespace
    namespace: ${SW_CLUSTER_NACOS_NAMESPACE:"public"}
    # Nacos auth username
    username: ${SW_CLUSTER_NACOS_USERNAME:""}
    password: ${SW_CLUSTER_NACOS_PASSWORD:""}
    # Nacos auth accessKey
    accessKey: ${SW_CLUSTER_NACOS_ACCESSKEY:""}
    secretKey: ${SW_CLUSTER_NACOS_SECRETKEY:""}
core:
  selector: ${SW_CORE:default}
  default:
    # Mixed: Receive agent data, Level 1 aggregate, Level 2 aggregate
    # Receiver: Receive agent data, Level 1 aggregate
    # Aggregator: Level 2 aggregate
    role: ${SW_CORE_ROLE:Mixed} # Mixed/Receiver/Aggregator
    restHost: ${SW_CORE_REST_HOST:0.0.0.0}
    restPort: ${SW_CORE_REST_PORT:12800}
    restContextPath: ${SW_CORE_REST_CONTEXT_PATH:/}
    restMinThreads: ${SW_CORE_REST_JETTY_MIN_THREADS:1}
    restMaxThreads: ${SW_CORE_REST_JETTY_MAX_THREADS:200}
    restIdleTimeOut: ${SW_CORE_REST_JETTY_IDLE_TIMEOUT:30000}
    restAcceptorPriorityDelta: ${SW_CORE_REST_JETTY_DELTA:0}
    restAcceptQueueSize: ${SW_CORE_REST_JETTY_QUEUE_SIZE:0}
    gRPCHost: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_HOST:0.0.0.0}
    gRPCPort: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_PORT:11800}
    maxConcurrentCallsPerConnection: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_MAX_CONCURRENT_CALL:0}
    maxMessageSize: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_MAX_MESSAGE_SIZE:0}
    gRPCThreadPoolQueueSize: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_POOL_QUEUE_SIZE:-1}
    gRPCThreadPoolSize: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_THREAD_POOL_SIZE:-1}
    gRPCSslEnabled: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_SSL_ENABLED:false}
    gRPCSslKeyPath: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_SSL_KEY_PATH:""}
    gRPCSslCertChainPath: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_SSL_CERT_CHAIN_PATH:""}
    gRPCSslTrustedCAPath: ${SW_CORE_GRPC_SSL_TRUSTED_CA_PATH:""}
    downsampling:
      - Hour
      - Day
    # Set a timeout on metrics data. After the timeout has expired, the metrics data will automatically be deleted.
    enableDataKeeperExecutor: ${SW_CORE_ENABLE_DATA_KEEPER_EXECUTOR:true} # Turn it off then automatically metrics data delete will be close.
    dataKeeperExecutePeriod: ${SW_CORE_DATA_KEEPER_EXECUTE_PERIOD:5} # How often the data keeper executor runs periodically, unit is minute
    recordDataTTL: ${SW_CORE_RECORD_DATA_TTL:3} # Unit is day
    metricsDataTTL: ${SW_CORE_METRICS_DATA_TTL:7} # Unit is day
    # Cache metrics data for 1 minute to reduce database queries, and if the OAP cluster changes within that minute,
    # the metrics may not be accurate within that minute.
    enableDatabaseSession: ${SW_CORE_ENABLE_DATABASE_SESSION:true}
    topNReportPeriod: ${SW_CORE_TOPN_REPORT_PERIOD:10} # top_n record worker report cycle, unit is minute
    # Extra model column are the column defined by in the codes, These columns of model are not required logically in aggregation or further query,
    # and it will cause more load for memory, network of OAP and storage.
    # But, being activated, user could see the name in the storage entities, which make users easier to use 3rd party tool, such as Kibana->ES, to query the data by themselves.
    activeExtraModelColumns: ${SW_CORE_ACTIVE_EXTRA_MODEL_COLUMNS:false}
    # The max length of service + instance names should be less than 200
    serviceNameMaxLength: ${SW_SERVICE_NAME_MAX_LENGTH:70}
    instanceNameMaxLength: ${SW_INSTANCE_NAME_MAX_LENGTH:70}
    # The max length of service + endpoint names should be less than 240
    endpointNameMaxLength: ${SW_ENDPOINT_NAME_MAX_LENGTH:150}
    # Define the set of span tag keys, which should be searchable through the GraphQL.
    searchableTracesTags: ${SW_SEARCHABLE_TAG_KEYS:http.method,status_code,db.type,db.instance,mq.queue,mq.topic,mq.broker}
storage:
  selector: ${SW_STORAGE:h2}
  elasticsearch:
    nameSpace: ${SW_NAMESPACE:""}
    clusterNodes: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_CLUSTER_NODES:localhost:9200}
    protocol: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_HTTP_PROTOCOL:"http"}
    user: ${SW_ES_USER:""}
    password: ${SW_ES_PASSWORD:""}
    trustStorePath: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SSL_JKS_PATH:""}
    trustStorePass: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SSL_JKS_PASS:""}
    secretsManagementFile: ${SW_ES_SECRETS_MANAGEMENT_FILE:""} # Secrets management file in the properties format includes the username, password, which are managed by 3rd party tool.
    dayStep: ${SW_STORAGE_DAY_STEP:1} # Represent the number of days in the one minute/hour/day index.
    indexShardsNumber: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_INDEX_SHARDS_NUMBER:1} # Shard number of new indexes
    indexReplicasNumber: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_INDEX_REPLICAS_NUMBER:1} # Replicas number of new indexes
    # Super data set has been defined in the codes, such as trace segments.The following 3 config would be improve es performance when storage super size data in es.
    superDatasetDayStep: ${SW_SUPERDATASET_STORAGE_DAY_STEP:-1} # Represent the number of days in the super size dataset record index, the default value is the same as dayStep when the value is less than 0
    superDatasetIndexShardsFactor: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SUPER_DATASET_INDEX_SHARDS_FACTOR:5} #  This factor provides more shards for the super data set, shards number = indexShardsNumber * superDatasetIndexShardsFactor. Also, this factor effects Zipkin and Jaeger traces.
    superDatasetIndexReplicasNumber: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SUPER_DATASET_INDEX_REPLICAS_NUMBER:0} # Represent the replicas number in the super size dataset record index, the default value is 0.
    bulkActions: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_BULK_ACTIONS:1000} # Execute the async bulk record data every ${SW_STORAGE_ES_BULK_ACTIONS} requests
    syncBulkActions: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SYNC_BULK_ACTIONS:50000} # Execute the sync bulk metrics data every ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SYNC_BULK_ACTIONS} requests
    flushInterval: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_FLUSH_INTERVAL:10} # flush the bulk every 10 seconds whatever the number of requests
    concurrentRequests: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS:2} # the number of concurrent requests
    resultWindowMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_MAX_WINDOW_SIZE:10000}
    metadataQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_MAX_SIZE:5000}
    segmentQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_SEGMENT_SIZE:200}
    profileTaskQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_PROFILE_TASK_SIZE:200}
    advanced: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_ADVANCED:""}
  elasticsearch7:
    nameSpace: ${SW_NAMESPACE:""}
    clusterNodes: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_CLUSTER_NODES:localhost:9200}
    protocol: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_HTTP_PROTOCOL:"http"}
    trustStorePath: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SSL_JKS_PATH:""}
    trustStorePass: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SSL_JKS_PASS:""}
    dayStep: ${SW_STORAGE_DAY_STEP:1} # Represent the number of days in the one minute/hour/day index.
    indexShardsNumber: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_INDEX_SHARDS_NUMBER:1} # Shard number of new indexes
    indexReplicasNumber: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_INDEX_REPLICAS_NUMBER:1} # Replicas number of new indexes
    # Super data set has been defined in the codes, such as trace segments.The following 3 config would be improve es performance when storage super size data in es.
    superDatasetDayStep: ${SW_SUPERDATASET_STORAGE_DAY_STEP:-1} # Represent the number of days in the super size dataset record index, the default value is the same as dayStep when the value is less than 0
    superDatasetIndexShardsFactor: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SUPER_DATASET_INDEX_SHARDS_FACTOR:5} #  This factor provides more shards for the super data set, shards number = indexShardsNumber * superDatasetIndexShardsFactor. Also, this factor effects Zipkin and Jaeger traces.
    superDatasetIndexReplicasNumber: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SUPER_DATASET_INDEX_REPLICAS_NUMBER:0} # Represent the replicas number in the super size dataset record index, the default value is 0.
    user: ${SW_ES_USER:""}
    password: ${SW_ES_PASSWORD:""}
    secretsManagementFile: ${SW_ES_SECRETS_MANAGEMENT_FILE:""} # Secrets management file in the properties format includes the username, password, which are managed by 3rd party tool.
    bulkActions: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_BULK_ACTIONS:1000} # Execute the async bulk record data every ${SW_STORAGE_ES_BULK_ACTIONS} requests
    syncBulkActions: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SYNC_BULK_ACTIONS:50000} # Execute the sync bulk metrics data every ${SW_STORAGE_ES_SYNC_BULK_ACTIONS} requests
    flushInterval: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_FLUSH_INTERVAL:10} # flush the bulk every 10 seconds whatever the number of requests
    concurrentRequests: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_CONCURRENT_REQUESTS:2} # the number of concurrent requests
    resultWindowMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_MAX_WINDOW_SIZE:10000}
    metadataQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_MAX_SIZE:5000}
    segmentQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_SEGMENT_SIZE:200}
    profileTaskQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_QUERY_PROFILE_TASK_SIZE:200}
    advanced: ${SW_STORAGE_ES_ADVANCED:""}
  h2:
    driver: ${SW_STORAGE_H2_DRIVER:org.h2.jdbcx.JdbcDataSource}
    url: ${SW_STORAGE_H2_URL:jdbc:h2:mem:skywalking-oap-db}
    user: ${SW_STORAGE_H2_USER:sa}
    metadataQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_H2_QUERY_MAX_SIZE:5000}
    maxSizeOfArrayColumn: ${SW_STORAGE_MAX_SIZE_OF_ARRAY_COLUMN:20}
    numOfSearchableValuesPerTag: ${SW_STORAGE_NUM_OF_SEARCHABLE_VALUES_PER_TAG:2}
  mysql:
    properties:
      jdbcUrl: ${SW_JDBC_URL:"jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/swtest"}
      dataSource.user: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_USER:root}
      dataSource.password: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_PASSWORD:[email protected]}
      dataSource.cachePrepStmts: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_CACHE_PREP_STMTS:true}
      dataSource.prepStmtCacheSize: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_PREP_STMT_CACHE_SQL_SIZE:250}
      dataSource.prepStmtCacheSqlLimit: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_PREP_STMT_CACHE_SQL_LIMIT:2048}
      dataSource.useServerPrepStmts: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_USE_SERVER_PREP_STMTS:true}
    metadataQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_MYSQL_QUERY_MAX_SIZE:5000}
    maxSizeOfArrayColumn: ${SW_STORAGE_MAX_SIZE_OF_ARRAY_COLUMN:20}
    numOfSearchableValuesPerTag: ${SW_STORAGE_NUM_OF_SEARCHABLE_VALUES_PER_TAG:2}
  tidb:
    properties:
      jdbcUrl: ${SW_JDBC_URL:"jdbc:mysql://localhost:4000/tidbswtest"}
      dataSource.user: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_USER:root}
      dataSource.password: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_PASSWORD:""}
      dataSource.cachePrepStmts: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_CACHE_PREP_STMTS:true}
      dataSource.prepStmtCacheSize: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_PREP_STMT_CACHE_SQL_SIZE:250}
      dataSource.prepStmtCacheSqlLimit: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_PREP_STMT_CACHE_SQL_LIMIT:2048}
      dataSource.useServerPrepStmts: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_USE_SERVER_PREP_STMTS:true}
      dataSource.useAffectedRows: ${SW_DATA_SOURCE_USE_AFFECTED_ROWS:true}
    metadataQueryMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_MYSQL_QUERY_MAX_SIZE:5000}
    maxSizeOfArrayColumn: ${SW_STORAGE_MAX_SIZE_OF_ARRAY_COLUMN:20}
    numOfSearchableValuesPerTag: ${SW_STORAGE_NUM_OF_SEARCHABLE_VALUES_PER_TAG:2}
  influxdb:
    # InfluxDB configuration
    url: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_URL://localhost:8086}
    user: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_USER:root}
    password: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_PASSWORD:}
    database: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_DATABASE:skywalking}
    actions: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_ACTIONS:1000} # the number of actions to collect
    duration: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_DURATION:1000} # the time to wait at most (milliseconds)
    batchEnabled: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_BATCH_ENABLED:true}
    fetchTaskLogMaxSize: ${SW_STORAGE_INFLUXDB_FETCH_TASK_LOG_MAX_SIZE:5000} # the max number of fetch task log in a request

agent-analyzer:
  selector: ${SW_AGENT_ANALYZER:default}
  default:
    sampleRate: ${SW_TRACE_SAMPLE_RATE:10000} # The sample rate precision is 1/10000. 10000 means 100% sample in default.
    slowDBAccessThreshold: ${SW_SLOW_DB_THRESHOLD:default:200,mongodb:100} # The slow database access thresholds. Unit ms.
    forceSampleErrorSegment: ${SW_FORCE_SAMPLE_ERROR_SEGMENT:true} # When sampling mechanism active, this config can open(true) force save some error segment. true is default.
    segmentStatusAnalysisStrategy: ${SW_SEGMENT_STATUS_ANALYSIS_STRATEGY:FROM_SPAN_STATUS} # Determine the final segment status from the status of spans. Available values are `FROM_SPAN_STATUS` , `FROM_ENTRY_SPAN` and `FROM_FIRST_SPAN`. `FROM_SPAN_STATUS` represents the segment status would be error if any span is in error status. `FROM_ENTRY_SPAN` means the segment status would be determined by the status of entry spans only. `FROM_FIRST_SPAN` means the segment status would be determined by the status of the first span only.
    # Nginx and Envoy agents can't get the real remote address.
    # Exit spans with the component in the list would not generate the client-side instance relation metrics.
    noUpstreamRealAddressAgents: ${SW_NO_UPSTREAM_REAL_ADDRESS:6000,9000}
    slowTraceSegmentThreshold: ${SW_SLOW_TRACE_SEGMENT_THRESHOLD:-1} # Setting this threshold about the latency would make the slow trace segments sampled if they cost more time, even the sampling mechanism activated. The default value is `-1`, which means would not sample slow traces. Unit, millisecond.
    meterAnalyzerActiveFiles: ${SW_METER_ANALYZER_ACTIVE_FILES:} # Which files could be meter analyzed, files split by ","

receiver-sharing-server:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_SERVER:default}
  default:
    # For Jetty server
    restHost: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_REST_HOST:0.0.0.0}
    restPort: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_REST_PORT:0}
    contextPath: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_REST_CONTEXT_PATH:/}
    restMinThreads: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_JETTY_MIN_THREADS:1}
    restMaxThreads: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_JETTY_MAX_THREADS:200}
    restIdleTimeOut: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_JETTY_IDLE_TIMEOUT:30000}
    restAcceptorPriorityDelta: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_JETTY_DELTA:0}
    restAcceptQueueSize: ${SW_RECEIVER_SHARING_JETTY_QUEUE_SIZE:0}
    # For gRPC server
    gRPCHost: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_HOST:0.0.0.0}
    gRPCPort: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_PORT:0}
    maxConcurrentCallsPerConnection: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_MAX_CONCURRENT_CALL:0}
    maxMessageSize: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_MAX_MESSAGE_SIZE:0}
    gRPCThreadPoolQueueSize: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_POOL_QUEUE_SIZE:0}
    gRPCThreadPoolSize: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_THREAD_POOL_SIZE:0}
    gRPCSslEnabled: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_SSL_ENABLED:false}
    gRPCSslKeyPath: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_SSL_KEY_PATH:""}
    gRPCSslCertChainPath: ${SW_RECEIVER_GRPC_SSL_CERT_CHAIN_PATH:""}
    authentication: ${SW_AUTHENTICATION:""}
receiver-register:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_REGISTER:default}
  default:

receiver-trace:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_TRACE:default}
  default:

receiver-jvm:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_JVM:default}
  default:

receiver-clr:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_CLR:default}
  default:

receiver-profile:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_PROFILE:default}
  default:

service-mesh:
  selector: ${SW_SERVICE_MESH:default}
  default:

envoy-metric:
  selector: ${SW_ENVOY_METRIC:default}
  default:
    acceptMetricsService: ${SW_ENVOY_METRIC_SERVICE:true}
    alsHTTPAnalysis: ${SW_ENVOY_METRIC_ALS_HTTP_ANALYSIS:""}
    # `k8sServiceNameRule` allows you to customize the service name in ALS via Kubernetes metadata,
    # the available variables are `pod`, `service`, f.e., you can use `${service.metadata.name}-${pod.metadata.labels.version}`
    # to append the version number to the service name.
    # Be careful, when using environment variables to pass this configuration, use single quotes(`''`) to avoid it being evaluated by the shell.
    k8sServiceNameRule: ${K8S_SERVICE_NAME_RULE:"${service.metadata.name}"}

prometheus-fetcher:
  selector: ${SW_PROMETHEUS_FETCHER:-}
  default:
    enabledRules: ${SW_PROMETHEUS_FETCHER_ENABLED_RULES:"self"}

kafka-fetcher:
  selector: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER:-}
  default:
    bootstrapServers: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER_SERVERS:localhost:9092}
    partitions: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER_PARTITIONS:3}
    replicationFactor: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER_PARTITIONS_FACTOR:2}
    enableMeterSystem: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER_ENABLE_METER_SYSTEM:false}
    isSharding: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER_IS_SHARDING:false}
    consumePartitions: ${SW_KAFKA_FETCHER_CONSUME_PARTITIONS:""}
    kafkaHandlerThreadPoolSize: ${SW_KAFKA_HANDLER_THREAD_POOL_SIZE:-1}
    kafkaHandlerThreadPoolQueueSize: ${SW_KAFKA_HANDLER_THREAD_POOL_QUEUE_SIZE:-1}

receiver-meter:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_METER:default}
  default:

receiver-otel:
  selector: ${SW_OTEL_RECEIVER:-}
  default:
    enabledHandlers: ${SW_OTEL_RECEIVER_ENABLED_HANDLERS:"oc"}
    enabledOcRules: ${SW_OTEL_RECEIVER_ENABLED_OC_RULES:"istio-controlplane"}

receiver_zipkin:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN:-}
  default:
    host: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_HOST:0.0.0.0}
    port: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_PORT:9411}
    contextPath: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_CONTEXT_PATH:/}
    jettyMinThreads: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_JETTY_MIN_THREADS:1}
    jettyMaxThreads: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_JETTY_MAX_THREADS:200}
    jettyIdleTimeOut: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_JETTY_IDLE_TIMEOUT:30000}
    jettyAcceptorPriorityDelta: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_JETTY_DELTA:0}
    jettyAcceptQueueSize: ${SW_RECEIVER_ZIPKIN_QUEUE_SIZE:0}

receiver_jaeger:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_JAEGER:-}
  default:
    gRPCHost: ${SW_RECEIVER_JAEGER_HOST:0.0.0.0}
    gRPCPort: ${SW_RECEIVER_JAEGER_PORT:14250}

receiver-browser:
  selector: ${SW_RECEIVER_BROWSER:default}
  default:
    # The sample rate precision is 1/10000. 10000 means 100% sample in default.
    sampleRate: ${SW_RECEIVER_BROWSER_SAMPLE_RATE:10000}

query:
  selector: ${SW_QUERY:graphql}
  graphql:
    path: ${SW_QUERY_GRAPHQL_PATH:/graphql}

alarm:
  selector: ${SW_ALARM:default}
  default:

telemetry:
  selector: ${SW_TELEMETRY:none}
  none:
  prometheus:
    host: ${SW_TELEMETRY_PROMETHEUS_HOST:0.0.0.0}
    port: ${SW_TELEMETRY_PROMETHEUS_PORT:1234}
    sslEnabled: ${SW_TELEMETRY_PROMETHEUS_SSL_ENABLED:false}
    sslKeyPath: ${SW_TELEMETRY_PROMETHEUS_SSL_KEY_PATH:""}
    sslCertChainPath: ${SW_TELEMETRY_PROMETHEUS_SSL_CERT_CHAIN_PATH:""}

configuration:
  selector: ${SW_CONFIGURATION:none}
  none:
  grpc:
    host: ${SW_DCS_SERVER_HOST:""}
    port: ${SW_DCS_SERVER_PORT:80}
    clusterName: ${SW_DCS_CLUSTER_NAME:SkyWalking}
    period: ${SW_DCS_PERIOD:20}
  apollo:
    apolloMeta: ${SW_CONFIG_APOLLO://localhost:8080}
    apolloCluster: ${SW_CONFIG_APOLLO_CLUSTER:default}
    apolloEnv: ${SW_CONFIG_APOLLO_ENV:""}
    appId: ${SW_CONFIG_APOLLO_APP_ID:skywalking}
    period: ${SW_CONFIG_APOLLO_PERIOD:5}
  zookeeper:
    period: ${SW_CONFIG_ZK_PERIOD:60} # Unit seconds, sync period. Default fetch every 60 seconds.
    nameSpace: ${SW_CONFIG_ZK_NAMESPACE:/default}
    hostPort: ${SW_CONFIG_ZK_HOST_PORT:localhost:2181}
    # Retry Policy
    baseSleepTimeMs: ${SW_CONFIG_ZK_BASE_SLEEP_TIME_MS:1000} # initial amount of time to wait between retries
    maxRetries: ${SW_CONFIG_ZK_MAX_RETRIES:3} # max number of times to retry
  etcd:
    period: ${SW_CONFIG_ETCD_PERIOD:60} # Unit seconds, sync period. Default fetch every 60 seconds.
    group: ${SW_CONFIG_ETCD_GROUP:skywalking}
    serverAddr: ${SW_CONFIG_ETCD_SERVER_ADDR:localhost:2379}
    clusterName: ${SW_CONFIG_ETCD_CLUSTER_NAME:default}
  consul:
    # Consul host and ports, separated by comma, e.g. 1.2.3.4:8500,2.3.4.5:8500
    hostAndPorts: ${SW_CONFIG_CONSUL_HOST_AND_PORTS:1.2.3.4:8500}
    # Sync period in seconds. Defaults to 60 seconds.
    period: ${SW_CONFIG_CONSUL_PERIOD:60}
    # Consul aclToken
    aclToken: ${SW_CONFIG_CONSUL_ACL_TOKEN:""}
  k8s-configmap:
    period: ${SW_CONFIG_CONFIGMAP_PERIOD:60}
    namespace: ${SW_CLUSTER_K8S_NAMESPACE:default}
    labelSelector: ${SW_CLUSTER_K8S_LABEL:app=collector,release=skywalking}
  nacos:
    # Nacos Server Host
    serverAddr: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_SERVER_ADDR:127.0.0.1}
    # Nacos Server Port
    port: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_SERVER_PORT:8848}
    # Nacos Configuration Group
    group: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_SERVER_GROUP:skywalking}
    # Nacos Configuration namespace
    namespace: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_SERVER_NAMESPACE:}
    # Unit seconds, sync period. Default fetch every 60 seconds.
    period: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_PERIOD:60}
    # Nacos auth username
    username: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_USERNAME:""}
    password: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_PASSWORD:""}
    # Nacos auth accessKey
    accessKey: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_ACCESSKEY:""}
    secretKey: ${SW_CONFIG_NACOS_SECRETKEY:""}

exporter:
  selector: ${SW_EXPORTER:-}
  grpc:
    targetHost: ${SW_EXPORTER_GRPC_HOST:127.0.0.1}
    targetPort: ${SW_EXPORTER_GRPC_PORT:9870}

health-checker:
  selector: ${SW_HEALTH_CHECKER:-}
  default:
    checkIntervalSeconds: ${SW_HEALTH_CHECKER_INTERVAL_SECONDS:5}

View Code

2.4 创建&启动UI

docker run -d --name skywalking-ui \
--restart=always \
-e TZ=Asia/Shanghai \
-p 8101:8080 \
--link oap:oap \
-e SW_OAP_ADDRESS=oap:12800 \
apache/skywalking-ui:8.3.0

2.5 下载源码包

wget //mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/apache/skywalking/8.3.0/apache-skywalking-apm-8.3.0.tar.gz

官网的源码包下载比较慢,就换成tuna的了。下载好了之后,解压在/opt目录下,暂时不用管,这个在后面会用到agent。

v部署/接入SkyWalking

3.1 生成springboot JAR包

若生成springbootJAR包有疑惑的,可以看看这篇文章。SpringBoot入门教程(二)CentOS部署SpringBoot项目从0到1

3.2 启动JAR包

nohup java -javaagent:/opt/apache-skywalking-apm-bin/agent/skywalking-agent.jar -Dskywalking.agent.service_name=toutou_blog -Dskywalking.collector.backend_service=127.0.0.1:11800 -jar /data/package/learn-web-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar -d --server.port=8100 &

-javaagent:用于指定探针路径。指定agent包位置。在上面的步骤中已经将apache-skywalking-apm-8.3.0.tar.gz解压到/opt目录了,因此路径为:/opt/apache-skywalking-apm-bin/agent/skywalking-agent.jar

-Dskywalking.agent.service_name:用于重写 agent/config/agent.config 配置文件中的服务名

-Dskywalking.collector.backend_service:用于重写agent/config/agent.config 配置文件中的服务地址

3.3 访问UI

第一次访问时,需要先调用springboot中的接口后,SkyWalking UI中即会load对应的信息,效果如下图。

SpringBoot进阶教程(七十)SkyWalking

拓扑图/topology:

SpringBoot进阶教程(七十)SkyWalking

追踪/trace:

SpringBoot进阶教程(七十)SkyWalking

关于更多SkyWalking UI介绍,可以看看官方介绍

其他参考/学习资料:

v源码地址

//github.com/toutouge/javademosecond/tree/master/hellolearn

作  者:请叫我头头哥

出  处://www.cnblogs.com/toutou/

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