实践Kong for Kubernetes(K8S),kong最新2.1版本和kong-ingress-controller:0.9.1版本

先决条件

  • Kubernetes集群:您可以使用MinikubeGKE集群。Kong与Kubernetes的所有发行版兼容。
  • kubectl访问权限:您应该已经kubectl安装并配置为与Kubernetes集群通信。

为Kubernetes安装Kong

使用以下安装方法之一安装Kong for Kubernetes:

YAML清单

要通过部署Kong kubectl,请使用:

kubectl apply -f //bit.ly/kong-ingress-dbless

重要!这不是生产级部署。根据您的用例调整“参数”:

  • 副本:确保您正在运行Kong的多个实例,以防止由于单个节点故障而造成的中断。
  • 性能优化:调整Kong的内存设置,并根据使用情况定制部署。
  • 负载均衡器:确保在Kong前面运行基于4层或TCP的均衡器。这使Kong可以提供TLS证书并与证书管理器集成。

helm部署

Kong有一个官方的Helm Chart。要将Kong部署到带有Helm的Kubernetes集群上,请使用:

$ helm repo add kong //charts.konghq.com
$ helm repo update

# Helm 2
$ helm install kong/kong

# Helm 3
$ helm install kong/kong --generate-name --set ingressController.installCRDs=false

Kustomize

可以使用Kubernetes的kustomize声明性地修补Kong的Kubernetes清单。远程定制构建的一个示例是:

kustomize build github.com/kong/kubernetes-ingress-controller/deploy/manifests/base

在Kong的存储库中可以使用Kustomization 进行不同类型的部署。

使用托管的Kubernetes云产品

如果您正在使用云提供商将Kong安装在托管的Kubernetes产品上,例如Google Kubernetes Engine(GKE),Amazon EKS(EKS),Azure Kubernetes Service(AKS)等,请确保已设置Kubernetes群集在云提供程序上,并已kubectl在您的工作站上进行了配置。

一旦您配置了Kubernetes集群并配置了kubectl,任何云提供商的安装都将使用上述方法之一(YAML manifestsHelm ChartKustomize)来安装Kong。

每个云提供商在允许如何配置特定资源(例如负载均衡器,存储卷等)方面都有一些细微的不同。我们建议您参考其文档来调整这些设置。

关于Kong的数据库使用

如果您使用的是数据库,我们建议您在Kubernetes内部以内存模式(也称为无DB)运行Kong,因为所有配置都存储在Kubernetes控制面板中。此设置简化了Kong的操作,因此无需担心数据库的设置,备份,可用性,安全性等。如果您决定使用数据库,建议您在Kubernetes之外运行数据库。您可以从云提供商使用Amazon RDS之类的服务或类似的托管Postgres服务来自动执行数据库操作。

我们不建议在Kubernetes部署中将Kong与Cassandra一起使用,因为Kong的Cassandra使用所涵盖的功能是通过Kubernetes中的其他方式处理的。

采用yaml清单方式实践

  1. 通过浏览器打开官方下载地址//bit.ly/kong-ingress-dbless,下载对应的yaml文件
wget //raw.githubusercontent.com/Kong/kubernetes-ingress-controller/master/deploy/single/all-in-one-dbless.yaml

  1. 当前kong:2.1,kong-ingress-controller:0.9.1,修改service配置为NodePort,默认是LoadBalancer,整体配置文件如下:
[[email protected] kong-gateway]# cat all-in-one-dbless.yaml 
apiVersion: v1
kind: Namespace
metadata:
  name: kong
---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: kongclusterplugins.configuration.konghq.com
spec:
  additionalPrinterColumns:
  - JSONPath: .plugin
    description: Name of the plugin
    name: Plugin-Type
    type: string
  - JSONPath: .metadata.creationTimestamp
    description: Age
    name: Age
    type: date
  - JSONPath: .disabled
    description: Indicates if the plugin is disabled
    name: Disabled
    priority: 1
    type: boolean
  - JSONPath: .config
    description: Configuration of the plugin
    name: Config
    priority: 1
    type: string
  group: configuration.konghq.com
  names:
    kind: KongClusterPlugin
    plural: kongclusterplugins
    shortNames:
    - kcp
  scope: Cluster
  validation:
    openAPIV3Schema:
      properties:
        config:
          type: object
        configFrom:
          properties:
            secretKeyRef:
              properties:
                key:
                  type: string
                name:
                  type: string
                namespace:
                  type: string
              required:
              - name
              - namespace
              - key
              type: object
          type: object
        disabled:
          type: boolean
        plugin:
          type: string
        protocols:
          items:
            enum:
            - http
            - https
            - grpc
            - grpcs
            - tcp
            - tls
            type: string
          type: array
        run_on:
          enum:
          - first
          - second
          - all
          type: string
      required:
      - plugin
  version: v1
---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: kongconsumers.configuration.konghq.com
spec:
  additionalPrinterColumns:
  - JSONPath: .username
    description: Username of a Kong Consumer
    name: Username
    type: string
  - JSONPath: .metadata.creationTimestamp
    description: Age
    name: Age
    type: date
  group: configuration.konghq.com
  names:
    kind: KongConsumer
    plural: kongconsumers
    shortNames:
    - kc
  scope: Namespaced
  validation:
    openAPIV3Schema:
      properties:
        credentials:
          items:
            type: string
          type: array
        custom_id:
          type: string
        username:
          type: string
  version: v1
---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: kongcredentials.configuration.konghq.com
spec:
  additionalPrinterColumns:
  - JSONPath: .type
    description: Type of credential
    name: Credential-type
    type: string
  - JSONPath: .metadata.creationTimestamp
    description: Age
    name: Age
    type: date
  - JSONPath: .consumerRef
    description: Owner of the credential
    name: Consumer-Ref
    type: string
  group: configuration.konghq.com
  names:
    kind: KongCredential
    plural: kongcredentials
  scope: Namespaced
  validation:
    openAPIV3Schema:
      properties:
        consumerRef:
          type: string
        type:
          type: string
      required:
      - consumerRef
      - type
  version: v1
---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: kongingresses.configuration.konghq.com
spec:
  group: configuration.konghq.com
  names:
    kind: KongIngress
    plural: kongingresses
    shortNames:
    - ki
  scope: Namespaced
  validation:
    openAPIV3Schema:
      properties:
        proxy:
          properties:
            connect_timeout:
              minimum: 0
              type: integer
            path:
              pattern: ^/.*$
              type: string
            protocol:
              enum:
              - http
              - https
              - grpc
              - grpcs
              - tcp
              - tls
              type: string
            read_timeout:
              minimum: 0
              type: integer
            retries:
              minimum: 0
              type: integer
            write_timeout:
              minimum: 0
              type: integer
          type: object
        route:
          properties:
            headers:
              additionalProperties:
                items:
                  type: string
                type: array
              type: object
            https_redirect_status_code:
              type: integer
            methods:
              items:
                type: string
              type: array
            path_handling:
              enum:
              - v0
              - v1
              type: string
            preserve_host:
              type: boolean
            protocols:
              items:
                enum:
                - http
                - https
                - grpc
                - grpcs
                - tcp
                - tls
                type: string
              type: array
            regex_priority:
              type: integer
            strip_path:
              type: boolean
        upstream:
          properties:
            algorithm:
              enum:
              - round-robin
              - consistent-hashing
              - least-connections
              type: string
            hash_fallback:
              type: string
            hash_fallback_header:
              type: string
            hash_on:
              type: string
            hash_on_cookie:
              type: string
            hash_on_cookie_path:
              type: string
            hash_on_header:
              type: string
            healthchecks:
              properties:
                active:
                  properties:
                    concurrency:
                      minimum: 1
                      type: integer
                    healthy:
                      properties:
                        http_statuses:
                          items:
                            type: integer
                          type: array
                        interval:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        successes:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                      type: object
                    http_path:
                      pattern: ^/.*$
                      type: string
                    timeout:
                      minimum: 0
                      type: integer
                    unhealthy:
                      properties:
                        http_failures:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        http_statuses:
                          items:
                            type: integer
                          type: array
                        interval:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        tcp_failures:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        timeout:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                      type: object
                  type: object
                passive:
                  properties:
                    healthy:
                      properties:
                        http_statuses:
                          items:
                            type: integer
                          type: array
                        interval:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        successes:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                      type: object
                    unhealthy:
                      properties:
                        http_failures:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        http_statuses:
                          items:
                            type: integer
                          type: array
                        interval:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        tcp_failures:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                        timeout:
                          minimum: 0
                          type: integer
                      type: object
                  type: object
                threshold:
                  type: integer
              type: object
            host_header:
              type: string
            slots:
              minimum: 10
              type: integer
          type: object
  version: v1
---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: kongplugins.configuration.konghq.com
spec:
  additionalPrinterColumns:
  - JSONPath: .plugin
    description: Name of the plugin
    name: Plugin-Type
    type: string
  - JSONPath: .metadata.creationTimestamp
    description: Age
    name: Age
    type: date
  - JSONPath: .disabled
    description: Indicates if the plugin is disabled
    name: Disabled
    priority: 1
    type: boolean
  - JSONPath: .config
    description: Configuration of the plugin
    name: Config
    priority: 1
    type: string
  group: configuration.konghq.com
  names:
    kind: KongPlugin
    plural: kongplugins
    shortNames:
    - kp
  scope: Namespaced
  validation:
    openAPIV3Schema:
      properties:
        config:
          type: object
        configFrom:
          properties:
            secretKeyRef:
              properties:
                key:
                  type: string
                name:
                  type: string
              required:
              - name
              - key
              type: object
          type: object
        disabled:
          type: boolean
        plugin:
          type: string
        protocols:
          items:
            enum:
            - http
            - https
            - grpc
            - grpcs
            - tcp
            - tls
            type: string
          type: array
        run_on:
          enum:
          - first
          - second
          - all
          type: string
      required:
      - plugin
  version: v1
---
apiVersion: apiextensions.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: CustomResourceDefinition
metadata:
  name: tcpingresses.configuration.konghq.com
spec:
  additionalPrinterColumns:
  - JSONPath: .status.loadBalancer.ingress[*].ip
    description: Address of the load balancer
    name: Address
    type: string
  - JSONPath: .metadata.creationTimestamp
    description: Age
    name: Age
    type: date
  group: configuration.konghq.com
  names:
    kind: TCPIngress
    plural: tcpingresses
  scope: Namespaced
  subresources:
    status: {}
  validation:
    openAPIV3Schema:
      properties:
        apiVersion:
          type: string
        kind:
          type: string
        metadata:
          type: object
        spec:
          properties:
            rules:
              items:
                properties:
                  backend:
                    properties:
                      serviceName:
                        type: string
                      servicePort:
                        format: int32
                        type: integer
                    type: object
                  host:
                    type: string
                  port:
                    format: int32
                    type: integer
                type: object
              type: array
            tls:
              items:
                properties:
                  hosts:
                    items:
                      type: string
                    type: array
                  secretName:
                    type: string
                type: object
              type: array
          type: object
        status:
          type: object
  version: v1beta1
status:
  acceptedNames:
    kind: ""
    plural: ""
  conditions: []
  storedVersions: []
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: kong-serviceaccount
  namespace: kong
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: kong-ingress-clusterrole
rules:
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - endpoints
  - nodes
  - pods
  - secrets
  verbs:
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - nodes
  verbs:
  - get
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - services
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - networking.k8s.io
  - extensions
  - networking.internal.knative.dev
  resources:
  - ingresses
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - events
  verbs:
  - create
  - patch
- apiGroups:
  - networking.k8s.io
  - extensions
  - networking.internal.knative.dev
  resources:
  - ingresses/status
  verbs:
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - configuration.konghq.com
  resources:
  - tcpingresses/status
  verbs:
  - update
- apiGroups:
  - configuration.konghq.com
  resources:
  - kongplugins
  - kongclusterplugins
  - kongcredentials
  - kongconsumers
  - kongingresses
  - tcpingresses
  verbs:
  - get
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - configmaps
  verbs:
  - create
  - get
  - update
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: kong-ingress-clusterrole-nisa-binding
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: kong-ingress-clusterrole
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: kong-serviceaccount
  namespace: kong
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  annotations:
    service.beta.kubernetes.io/aws-load-balancer-backend-protocol: tcp
    service.beta.kubernetes.io/aws-load-balancer-type: nlb
  name: kong-proxy
  namespace: kong
spec:
  ports:
  - name: proxy
    port: 80
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8000
  - name: proxy-ssl
    port: 443
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8443
  selector:
    app: ingress-kong
  type: NodePort
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: kong-validation-webhook
  namespace: kong
spec:
  ports:
  - name: webhook
    port: 443
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: 8080
  selector:
    app: ingress-kong
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    app: ingress-kong
  name: ingress-kong
  namespace: kong
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: ingress-kong
  template:
    metadata:
      annotations:
        kuma.io/gateway: enabled
        prometheus.io/port: "8100"
        prometheus.io/scrape: "true"
        traffic.sidecar.istio.io/includeInboundPorts: ""
      labels:
        app: ingress-kong
    spec:
      containers:
      - env:
        - name: KONG_PROXY_LISTEN
          value: 0.0.0.0:8000, 0.0.0.0:8443 ssl http2
        - name: KONG_ADMIN_LISTEN
          value: 127.0.0.1:8444 ssl
        - name: KONG_STATUS_LISTEN
          value: 0.0.0.0:8100
        - name: KONG_DATABASE
          value: "off"
        - name: KONG_NGINX_WORKER_PROCESSES
          value: "1"
        - name: KONG_ADMIN_ACCESS_LOG
          value: /dev/stdout
        - name: KONG_ADMIN_ERROR_LOG
          value: /dev/stderr
        - name: KONG_PROXY_ERROR_LOG
          value: /dev/stderr
        image: kong:2.1
        lifecycle:
          preStop:
            exec:
              command:
              - /bin/sh
              - -c
              - kong quit
        livenessProbe:
          failureThreshold: 3
          httpGet:
            path: /status
            port: 8100
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 5
          periodSeconds: 10
          successThreshold: 1
          timeoutSeconds: 1
        name: proxy
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8000
          name: proxy
          protocol: TCP
        - containerPort: 8443
          name: proxy-ssl
          protocol: TCP
        - containerPort: 8100
          name: metrics
          protocol: TCP
        readinessProbe:
          failureThreshold: 3
          httpGet:
            path: /status
            port: 8100
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 5
          periodSeconds: 10
          successThreshold: 1
          timeoutSeconds: 1
        securityContext:
          runAsUser: 1000
      - env:
        - name: CONTROLLER_KONG_ADMIN_URL
          value: //127.0.0.1:8444
        - name: CONTROLLER_KONG_ADMIN_TLS_SKIP_VERIFY
          value: "true"
        - name: CONTROLLER_PUBLISH_SERVICE
          value: kong/kong-proxy
        - name: POD_NAME
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              apiVersion: v1
              fieldPath: metadata.name
        - name: POD_NAMESPACE
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              apiVersion: v1
              fieldPath: metadata.namespace
        image: kong-docker-kubernetes-ingress-controller.bintray.io/kong-ingress-controller:0.9.1
        imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
        livenessProbe:
          failureThreshold: 3
          httpGet:
            path: /healthz
            port: 10254
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 5
          periodSeconds: 10
          successThreshold: 1
          timeoutSeconds: 1
        name: ingress-controller
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8080
          name: webhook
          protocol: TCP
        readinessProbe:
          failureThreshold: 3
          httpGet:
            path: /healthz
            port: 10254
            scheme: HTTP
          initialDelaySeconds: 5
          periodSeconds: 10
          successThreshold: 1
          timeoutSeconds: 1
      serviceAccountName: kong-serviceaccount
  1. 执行该yaml 文件
[[email protected] kong-gateway]# kubectl apply -f all-in-one-dbless.yaml 
namespace/kong created
customresourcedefinition.apiextensions.k8s.io/kongclusterplugins.configuration.konghq.com created
customresourcedefinition.apiextensions.k8s.io/kongconsumers.configuration.konghq.com created
customresourcedefinition.apiextensions.k8s.io/kongcredentials.configuration.konghq.com created
customresourcedefinition.apiextensions.k8s.io/kongingresses.configuration.konghq.com created
customresourcedefinition.apiextensions.k8s.io/kongplugins.configuration.konghq.com created
customresourcedefinition.apiextensions.k8s.io/tcpingresses.configuration.konghq.com created
serviceaccount/kong-serviceaccount created
clusterrole.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kong-ingress-clusterrole created
clusterrolebinding.rbac.authorization.k8s.io/kong-ingress-clusterrole-nisa-binding created
service/kong-proxy created
service/kong-validation-webhook created
deployment.apps/ingress-kong created